Posted on Leave a comment

Qinling Panda

Qinling is an area with the highest population of pandas in China, its density ranks the first throughout the country. Qinling pandas is an important group of pandas, they have a unique distribution pattern and evolution history.

There is a significant difference between the Qinling pandas and those in Sichuan and Gansu. That is, it is an independent subspecies of pandas, and is named as Qinling pandas (its scientific name is Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis).

The population of pandas in Qinling is about 273, accounting for only 17% of the population of Sichuan subspecies. The Qinling pandas constitute a total habitat of 347,684 hectares, and a potential habitat of 258,667 hectares.

The Qinling pandas and the Sichuan pandas have formed distinct differences in morphology. The Qinling subspecies are slightly larger, while the Sichuan subspecies have a length of head similar to that of a bear. The Qinling subspecies have a circular head, more like a cat, they have a smaller skull and larger tooth.

In terms of fur color, the Qinling pandas’ chest spot is dark brown and the abdomen hair is brown, while the Sichuan giant pandas’ chest spot is black and the belly hair is white. The Qinling pandas have a black tip and white hair on the lower abdomen; the chest is dark brown and the abdomen is brown.

Their lower abdomen is brown, the hair is white, and the nasal bone is one-fifth shorter than the Sichuan pandas, explaining why the face is more round. Comparing to Sichuan pandas, the obvious differences of Qinling pandas make them look lovely and humble.    

All brown panda are from Qinling, including Qi Zai

Posted on Leave a comment

Qinling Research Center of Giant Panda Breeding

On June 13, 2018, the Giant Panda Research Center in Qinling was established in Xi’an.

There’re two branches under it:

1. Louguantai Qinling Sibao Base (Zhouzhi, Shaanxi)

2. Qinling Giant Panda Wild Training Base (Foping, Shaanxi)

In addition to Sichuan, the Qinling Giant Panda Breeding Research Center of the Shaanxi Academy of Forestry Sciences is also open to the public. Not only it raises giant pandas, but it also keeps rare wild animals such as Nipponia nippon, wildebeest and golden monkey. Therefore, it is also called Louguantai Qinling Sibao Base, with the Louguantai Qinling Zoo as its attraction.

The progress of wild panda training in Qinling can be found in the Foping Reserve, with Foping Panda Valley as the attraction.

The Qinling Giant Panda is an independent subspecies. The difference of this species with the Sichuan Giant Panda is equivalent to that between the Northeast Tiger and the South China Tiger.

So far, brown panda can only be found in Qinling.

Posted on Leave a comment

The China Research Center For The Protection of Giant Pandas

The China Research Center for the Protection of Giant Pandas is composed of three bases – Wolong, Dujiangyan and Bifengxia, Ya’an. It will become the country’s largest, a world-class scientific research and a base for nature protection and education for giant pandas. It strives to enhance the level of protection and research of giant pandas in China.

Wolong Shenshuping Base
On May 11, 2016, the “Chinese Giant Panda Garden” at the Wolong Shenshuping Base of the China Research Panda Research Center was opened, with a total construction area of 19844.51 square meters. The base is divided into three functional areas – panda breeding, wild training and public education on wildlife. It is equipped with 59 sets of giant panda pens, a tourist reception center, a research office, a science education center, a veterinary hospital and a wild training area for captive pandas, etc. 

Dujiangyan Base
During the Wenchuan earthquake of May 12, 2008, the giant panda pen, research facilities, equipment of the China Giant Panda Protection and the Research Center were severely damaged. In order to better protect the giant pandas, with the assistance of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, the relevant departments of Sichuan Province chose Dujiangyan to build a protection agency that integrates the care, rescue and prevention of diseases of giant pandas. Some old or injured pandas in Sichuan were sent here for medical treatment. 

Bifengxia Panda Base, Ya’an
The Bifengxia Scenic Area is located 16 kilometers north of Ya’an City, with an area of 20 square kilometers and a forest area of more than 20,000 acres. The scenic area includes two canyons. The left gorge is 7 kilometers long and the right gorge is 2.5 kilometers long. It is V-shaped, 30-70 meters wide, 700-1971 meters above sea level, and the relative height of the gorges is 100-200 meters. 

Vegetation, gorges and waterfalls are the distinctive features of the Bifengxia Scenic Area. The forests in the gorge are lush, green, dripping with peaks, ridges and cliffs. Sometimes the peaks look like they’re pointing at the sky, and the two mountains seemed like having merged with it. The multi-type waterfall landscape adds an infinite scenery to the double gorge and it’s simply fascinating. 

In view of Bifengxia’s excellent natural ecological environment, China Research Panda Research Center set up the base in the Bifengxia Scenic Area. It was completed on December 28, 2003 and was officially opened to the public.

The base covers an area of more than 1,000 acres. After the 5.12 earthquake, some of the giant pandas of Wolong were moved to the Bifeng Gorge. At present, there are more than 80 pandas in captivity in the base, which has become the largest base of captive pandas in the world, attracting many visitors from all over the world.

Posted on Leave a comment

Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding

The Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding was established in 1987 and is an institution specialized in the protection, breeding, education of breeding and educational tourism of endangered wildlife species.

There are two branches:

  1. Chengdu base
  2. Dujiangyan Breeding Research Center

The Sichuan Daxiangling Giant Panda Wildering and Reintroduction Base is jointly established by the Chengdu Base and the Daxiangling Reserve, and is dedicated to the wild training of giant pandas. It is not open to the public.

Once a giant panda is born at the base in Chengdu, and is trained in Dujiangyan Wilding Center for semi-wildlife, it would then be transferred to the Daxiangling Nature Reserve for further wildlife training.

It has bred 143 giant pandas and 214 cubs, and there’re now 152 surviving (as of 2015). It has the largest captive panda breeding population in the world.

I. Breeding of giant pandas

The base was established with the 6 sick and hungry giant pandas left by the rescue in the 1980s. Starting from the original 6 giant pandas, the base was based on technological innovation without capturing a giant panda from the wild.

Now, it is breeding 143 giant pandas, 214 cubs, and there’re 152 still surviving (as of 2015). It has the world’s largest captive giant panda captive breeding population. The genetic quality of this population, health status of individual pandas and behavioral health status are all ideal.  

II. Scientific research on giant pandas

In the past 30 years, through a series of innovative scientific research, the base has overcome major technical problems such as artificial breeding of captive pandas and management, reproduction, raising the panda cubs, disease prevention and control and management of their genes.

This has been a breakthrough of multiple technical challenges which has led to several positive results in scientific research. More than 70 projects have won national, provincial, municipal technological invention awards, scientific and technological progress awards; they have also obtained 14 national patents in invention and utility models.

It is recognized as a demonstration unit for the protection of giant pandas with the strongest scientific and technological strength, the highest number of scientific and technological achievements and the best effects in its application and promotion. In September 2014, it was awarded the honorary title of “National Advanced Collective of Technical Talents”.

III. Education of the conservation of pandas

In 2000, the base took the lead in carrying out education in public protection of the national wildlife protection system, and it established the Ministry of Science Education. Under the guidance of the China Wildlife Conservation Association, it has introduced advanced education in the concepts of conservation and education methods, in response to today’s key issues in the environment.

From several aspects such as the public awareness, emotions, behaviors at the base to the urban communities, universities, primary schools, kindergartens and rural areas, it has launched a rich variety of conservational and educational projects.

It has won a lot of compliments from the a lot of young people, domestic and foreign volunteers and animal supporters. At present, it has cooperated with many countries and institutions, and established extensive contacts and cooperation networks.

It has successively won the nominations of “Top 500 Global”, “National Educational Base For Youth Science and Technology”, “National Base For Scientific Education”, “National Science Base For Environmental Protection”, Sichuan and Chengdu Demonstration Bases for Scientific Education and Ecological Protection and Demonstration Base of Education of Practices of Socialist Core Values for Minors in Chengdu.

IV. Panda Tourism

The base adheres to the guiding ideology of equal emphasis on scientific research and tourism, and forms a sustainable development model of “production, learning, research and tourism”.

The base simulates the wild ecological environment of giant pandas by means of gardening. There are delivery rooms for giant pandas, panda breeding areas, scientific research centers and panda hospitals. They are distributed in an orderly manner, and several luxurious panda “villas” are also scattered in the mountains and forests.

Giant pandas of different ages grow here. In 1998, the Base was evaluated by the World Tourism Organization as another legendary world with the world natural heritage – Jiuzhaigou. In 2006, it was rated as a national AAAA tourist attraction. At present, it receives nearly 3 million tourists per year from China and abroad (data in 2015).

V. Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base – Dujiangyan Breeding and Wild Release Research Center – “Panda Valley”

Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base – Dujiangyan Breeding and Wilding Research Center – “Panda Valley”, covers an area of 2004 acres. It is located in Majiagou, Yutang Town, Dujiangyan City, adjacent to the Dujiangyan Water Conservancy Project and the Taoist Holy Land Qingcheng Mountain, 50 kilometers away from Chengdu and approximately 3 kilometers from Dujiangyan city.

It can be reached via the Chengguan Expressway and Light Rail, or from the Zhaogongshan and Qingchengshan Huanshan Avenue. Transportation is relatively easy. It is a luxurious area with bamboo and vegetation, streams and rivers, birds and flowers. It has a very unique natural climate, with more than 700 species of animals and plants, and it’s a natural base for wild release of pandas.

“Panda Valley” was opened to the public on October 1, 2014, and it was officially opened to the public on April 20, 2015. At present, the “Panda Valley” has three giant panda wild training sheds for transition and a semi-wild animal training ground. There are more than 10 giant pandas here to participate into wild adaptive training research.