China has proven its achievements of protection and research work of pandas by improving the situation of the endangered status of pandas in the wild, increasing the genetic diversity of captive populations of pandas; conducting researches of rewild pandas and wild-bred project. Furthermore, experts have also succeeded in breeding pandas in the wild. Different organizations worldwide have worked ultra-efficiently to protect pandas and have shared their fruitful results in scientific research on pandas.
By diligently implementing key forestry projects, such as the protection of forests, the system of nature reserves for pandas has been continuously improved. Pandas and their habitats have been effectively protected.
At present, the pilot construction of the Panda National Park, with a total area of more than 27,000 square kilometers, has been launched. A total of 67 panda nature reserves have been established throughout the country to form a panda habitat protection network system, with 53.8% of the panda habitat and 66.8% of the panda population being included in the effective protection of the nature reserve.
Field surveys have suggested that the number of wild pandas in China has increased from 1,114 in the 1970s, 1980s to 1864, and the number of panda reserves has increased from 15 to 67. The area of the protected panda habitat is 1.39 million hectares, growing to 2.58 million hectares. It is seen that the endangered situation of pandas in the wild has been further improved.
At the same time, the breeding of pandas in captivity has achieved an ideal realization of eugenics. The breeding has also grown with good quality and stability.
China has built a breeding and development system for captive pandas with The China Research Center For The Protection of Giant Pandas, Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, and Shaanxi Wild Animal Breeding and Protection Center.
By the end of 2017, the number of captive pandas in China exceeded 500 for the first time, reaching 518. It is predicted by statistics that the panda captive population will maintain its 90% genetic diversity for 200 years, and has basically formed a healthy, viable and sustainable population.
The fundamental scientific research work of panda protection has achieved new breakthroughs. China’s panda biology, physiology, genetics and other aspects of research have made significant progress, leading to a total of 65 patents, 84 scientific and technological achievements and the establishment of the panda global gene resource library.
Furthermore, the whole genome sequencing has also been completed. The panda’s wild reintroduction and breeding in the wild have witnessed new breakthroughs. Since 2003, China has launched researches on wilderness training and release of captive pandas. It has released 9 captive pandas and 7 of them survived. It also obtained 7 national patents and established a technical system for training and reintroduction of panda in the wild.
In recent years, China has actively promoted global action for the protection of pandas, and the research results of pandas have been shared globally. At present, the panda protection cooperation research project has been carried out with 17 countries and 22 zoos.